Designing the space in the garden

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When designing a garden, large or small, the important steps to take are related to the choice of its function and, mostly to its style and the plants.

Designing the space in the garden
Ing. Gilda Montesano
Ing. Gilda Montesano

Designing outer space or rather the garden is often a quite complicated task because it requires time, money and lots of imagination.
But often, the garden is a collection of trees and shrubs dimly placed here and there, or a lawn on which to place pieces of furniture in a scattered way.

Even a small garden can be arranged while creating small dedicated areas, giving it an appearance by no means trivial.
If you have available a larger space you can have more fun in the use of the various areas and various pieces of furniture.

Select the use and the style of the garden

The garden, big or small, should have a function. It can be used to read outdoors or invite friends for conversation, outdoor dining and dinners in the summer, have a flower garden, have a vegetable garden, have a nice garden design etc. ..

tipologie giardini After defining what you expect from your garden, you will need to define the aesthetics, the style to choose.

You can opt for a regular garden in which the spaces are arranged on straight lines and geometric designs, both in the pavement and in the vegetation such as plants spherical or pyramidal foliage, geometrical hedges etc. ..

Then you can opt for an eclectic garden and the regularity of the organization of space is offset by the vegetation allowed to grow freely.

Very popular is also the minimal garden where the essence and simplicity of design win above all, if you choose this type of garden vegetation should not be too exuberant, what matters in this case is the choice of the materials used to make flooring, walls etc. ...
The simplicity of the garden can result in the Japanese garden inspired by the Zen gardens, which include the use of gravel, plants miniature etc. ..

Organize the space in a garden

Depending on the space available to realize our garden this must then be arranged so as to be able to seamlessly mix form and function. By virtue of the context in which we decide whether we should equip our garden shields from the external environment, it can be walls, fences, wings made with trees and shrubs.

progettare spazi esterni After studying the background you can switch to the internal organization of the garden, choosing the geometry of different spaces that you want to define. It may take various geometric shapes from the square to rectangle, hexagon, rhomb, circle etc. .. or you can also opt for irregular shapes defined by broken lines.

You have to try to get a good compromise between full and empty spaces, so that the garden looks neither too oppresive nor too unorganized, you have to find the right balance. If we are talking about a small space, the choice of using a lawn or plants available ensure airiness to the outer space.

If you have a big garden you must try to articulate the space so that with a glance you do not perceive the whole environment, but there are some little parts that will be visible only when you discover then when entering the garden through the paths. This allows us to make interesting garden space providing a sense of movement.

Choose the ideal vegetation in a garden

When designing a garden, another important choice is the type of vegetation and then the colors that will decorate this outdoor space.
Usually light colors tend to enlarge the space, what that dark colors do not. Instead, the warm colors like bright yellow, orange and red tend to shrink the space, which will seem smaller than it is.
Even in the choice of the type of vegetation to be planted, you must first decide which aspect you want the garden to have even during the winter.
To make sure that the garden will not look flat during the winter, you need to choose evergreen plants, grasses and shrubs, so that it won't be bare during the winter season.

Usually in small gardens, you avoid trees, but prefer evergreen broad-leaved ever green shrubs that tend to grow like bushes, an example of a plant of this kind could be the hydrangea, which fills the garden with its large colorful flowers, also this is a type of plant that does not even require a lot of maintenance and is suitable for all climates.

This is just one of many examples, but there are countless types of plants you can use, all you need is just a little imagination.

Post: Designing the space in the garden
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